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Listen up, homebuyers! If you’re considering a condo, you probably already know about the shared amenities and maintenance services – the perks are sweeter than a box of chocolates. But, there’s a crucial area that often goes overlooked: reserve funding. This is the money set aside for major repairs and replacement of common area assets, like your building’s fancy pool.

Now, I know reserve funding doesn’t sound like the most exciting topic, but trust us, it’s important. Without enough money saved up, your HOA may not be able to cover the costs of necessary repairs and replacements, leaving you high and dry like a ship without a paddle. And no one wants to be stranded in a leaky condo, am I right?

It’s essential to understand the importance of HOA reserve funds for condominiums. Not only does it protect individual owners from unexpected costs, but it also ensures the overall health and longevity of the association. Think of it like your own personal rainy-day fund but for your building. The more money saved up, the better prepared your association will be to handle any storm that comes its way.

In this article, we’ll explore the importance of HOA reserve funds for condominiums and why it’s crucial for both individual owners and the overall health of the association.

What is an HOA Reserve Fund?

First, let’s define what exactly reserve funding is. Reserve funding refers to money set aside for major repairs, replacement of assets, and other capital expenditures that will be necessary over the lifespan of a condominium building or complex. 

These can include items such as: 

  • Roofing
  • Siding
  • Windows
  • Elevators
  • HVAC systems

While some repairs and replacements may be predictable, unexpected expenses can arise, making HOA reserve funding strategies critical for the ongoing maintenance and upkeep of a property.

1. Protecting Property Values

One of the most significant benefits of maintaining a reserve fund is that it helps protect the property’s value. When a condo association has the funds necessary to make repairs and replace assets, the building remains in good condition, making it more attractive to potential buyers. 

This means that owners can maintain or even increase the value of their investment, providing a significant return on investment when it comes time to sell.

2. Preventing Special Assessments

Another benefit of reserve funding is that it helps prevent special assessments. These are charges levied against owners to pay for unexpected or unbudgeted expenses. While special assessments can be necessary in some cases, they can be financially burdensome for owners, particularly if they are unable to pay.
Special assessments can also create tensions between owners, leading to disputes and potentially legal action. By maintaining a reserve fund, condo associations can minimize the need for them and ensure that unexpected expenses are covered. All without causing undue financial strain on owners.

3. Budgeting and Financial Planning

In addition to protecting property values and preventing special assessments, reserve funding also helps with budgeting and financial planning. By having a reserve fund in place, condo associations can more accurately budget for future repairs and replacements, avoiding the need to take out loans or dip into operating funds. Here’s an informative article that dives into how to budget and prepare for these funds.

This allows for greater financial stability and reduces the risk of default or foreclosure, which can have severe consequences for individual owners.

4. Ensuring Safety and Well-being

Finally, reserve funding is essential for ensuring the safety and well-being of residents. Major repairs and replacements, such as fixing a failing elevator or replacing a leaky roof, can pose serious safety risks to residents. 

By having the funds necessary to make these repairs, condo associations can ensure that residents are safe and secure in their homes. This is especially important in situations where emergency repairs are needed, such as in the aftermath of a storm or natural disaster.

So, if you’re tired of sitting in neutral when it comes to your finances, it’s time to kick things into gear. And guess what? The first step is easier than you think. Just get yourself a professional Reserve Study. Trust us, it’s critical. 

But don’t stop there! You gotta keep that momentum going. That’s where Rise AMG comes in. We’re experts at helping your Board come up with a killer financial plan that’ll keep your property’s future looking bright.

Here’s how to determine the 5 Best ways to invest HOA reserve funds:

  • Is the expense unexpected or not part of the regular operating budget? If the expense is something that the HOA could not have anticipated or is not part of the regular operating budget, then it may be appropriate to use reserve funds.
  • Is the expense necessary for the safety and well-being of the community? If the expense is something that could compromise the safety or well-being of the community, then it may be appropriate to use reserve funds.
  • Will using reserve funds put the HOA in a financially risky position? If using reserve funds will leave the HOA in a financially risky position, then it may be better to consider other options, such as a special assessment or increasing annual dues.
  • Does the HOA have a reserve fund plan in place? If the HOA has a reserve fund plan in place, it should outline when and how reserve funds should be used.


When it comes to managing reserve funds, several questions frequently come up. Here are some of the most commonly asked questions:

Does the HOA need to approve the use of reserve funds?

Yes, typically, the HOA board needs to approve the use of reserve funds. The board should carefully evaluate the proposed use of the funds and ensure that the expenditure is consistent with the association’s governing documents and applicable laws.

Does your HOA need a reserve fund?

Yes, most HOAs should have a reserve fund. Reserve funds are critical for maintaining the association’s common areas and addressing unexpected expenses. Without a reserve fund, the association may need to rely on special assessments or increase annual dues to pay for these expenses.

How much should the HOA have in its reserve fund?

The amount of money that an HOA should have in its reserve fund varies depending on the size and age of the community, the types of amenities and facilities the association manages, and other factors. A reserve fund study can help determine the appropriate funding level for the reserve account.

Should you borrow from the reserve fund?

Borrowing from the reserve fund should be a last resort for HOAs. While it may be tempting to use reserve funds to cover unexpected expenses, doing so can leave the association without adequate financial resources to address future issues. Instead, they should consider other funding sources, such as special assessments or increased dues, before tapping into reserve funds.


Reserve funding is a critical component of condominium management. It helps protect property values, prevent special assessments, aid in budgeting and financial planning, and ensure the safety and well-being of residents. 

While it can be challenging to set aside funds for future expenses, failing to do so can have significant financial and safety implications for individual owners and the association as a whole. Condo associations should make it a priority to maintain an adequate reserve fund, and owners should support these efforts by contributing to the fund and advocating for its importance. 

At Rise AMG we empower HOA managers to overcome financial challenges with confidence, leveraging a proactive and strategic approach. If you need assistance with managing your reserve funds, contact Rise AMG today for expert guidance and support.

By doing so, you can protect your investment and ensure a safe and secure living environment for all residents.